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Business Math - Basic

Course #:PDC 015-1 
Lecturer: Email:
Start Time:Spring 2021Tel:
Duration:5-week course with 2 x 2-hour classes per week. Total = 20


This course deals with the nuts and bolts of Mathematics. Students will become equipped with a solid foundation of the mathematical tools required to solve more complex mathematical operations - learning to understand addition, subtraction, multiplication and division; knowing how to calculate and move among decimals, fractions and percentages; figuring out ratios and proportions. This course would benefit any student (regardless of age) who requires help understanding basic math skills in order to pass a placement test, a course, a specific job, or as a review to brush up on math skills. Lessons will focus on the steps involved in adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing as well as the order of operations. In addition, this course will include the various forms of numbers such as fractions, decimals, percentages, ratios and proportion, and also equations and formulae in a business context.

Credits: 0

Prerequisite: None


This course intends to enable the student to:

  • Add, subtract, multiply and divide whole numbers and solve application problems using whole numbers.
  • Add, subtract, multiply and divide fractions and solve applications problems using fractions.
  • Add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals and solve application problems using decimals.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of ratio and proportion and their applications.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of percentages and solve percentage application problems.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of and use the order of operations.
  • Evaluate a variable expression given the values for the variables.
  • Simplify a variable expression by collecting like terms.
  • Solve simple linear equations.
  • Estimate a “reasonable” answer to an application problem.
  • Display several standard problem-solving techniques involving ratio and proportion.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the study skills necessary for success in mathematics courses


I Whole Numbers

Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

II Decimals

Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

III Fractions

Equivalent fractions, improper fractions, mixed numbers

Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division

Converting between fractions and decimal numbers

IV Percentages

Fractions and decimals as percentages

Calculations involving percentages – increase and decrease problems

V Equations and Formulae

Solving equations

Applications of equations

Business formulae

Ratio and proportion

Continuous Assessment (4 assessments – 15% each)60%
End of Unit Quizzes (4 quizzes – 5% each)20%
Final Test20%


The following textbook(s) will be used for this course:

Gary Clendenen and Stanley A. Salzman, Business Mathematics, 14th Edition, Pearson




Week 1 Lesson I 

Chapter 1

Whole Numbers – rounding, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division (1.1) Application Problems (1.2)

Week 1 Lesson IIAssessment 1 – Whole Numbers and DecimalsDecimal Numbers – reading and rounding (1.3), addition and subtraction (1.4), multiplication and division (1.5) Case Study – Cost of Getting Married.
Week 2 Lesson IQuiz 1 (30 minutes)

Chapter 2 

Fractions – converting between improper fractions and mixed numbers, equivalent fractions/lowest terms (2.1). addition and subtraction of like fractions and lowest common denominator (2.2), addition and subtraction of mixed numbers (2.3).

Week 2 Lesson IIAssessment 2 – FractionsFractions – multiplication, cancelling, division (2.4), converting between fractions and decimal numbers (2.5) Case Study – Operating Expenses.
Week 3 Lesson IQuiz 2 (30 minutes)

Chapter 3 

Percentages – writing decimals and fractions as percentages (3.1), basic percentage problems and percentage formulae – finding part (3.2), finding base (3.3), finding rate (3.4).

Week 3 Lesson IIAssessment 3 –PercentagesPercentages – application problems Percentage increase and decrease problems (3.5) Case Study – Self Employment Retirement Plan
Week 4 Lesson IQuiz 3 (30 minutes)

Chapter 4

Equations and Formulae – solving equations, basic terminology and rules, combining like terms, distributive property (4.1) 

Applications – writing equations and solving application  problems (4.2)

Week 4 Lesson IIAssessment 4 –Equations and Formulae

Evaluate and solve business formulae, work with word problems and exponents (4.3)

Ratio and Proportion – use ratio and proportion to solve problems (4.4)

Case Study – Forecasting Sales

Week 5 Lesson IQuiz 4 (30 minutes)Review
Week 5 Lesson IIFinal Test (2 hours)In class test
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